Tecnical info and model info

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Tecnical info and model info

Post by retrovan » Tue Jan 31, 2012 9:27 pm

Hi Guys,

Have edited this post with info found on the net, that may be of intrest to the other Porsche fans, if not, ask the Mods to remove it....

The origin

On September 3, Ferdinand Porsche is born in the Bohemian town of Maffersdorf. In 1889, after attending grammar school there and the Staatsgewerbeschule (State Vocational School) in Reichenberg, he enters his father’s business as an apprentice plumber.

The Lohner-Porsche electric car is presented at the World Fair in Paris. The wheel hub engines of the young engineer Ferdinand Porsche bring him international attention. In the same year, he develops an all-wheel-drive racecar, as well as a hybrid petrol/electric vehicle – a world first.

Ferdinand Porsche becomes Technical Director at Austro-Daimler in Wiener Neustadt. At the age of only 31, he is responsible for the model range of one of Europe’s largest automotive concerns.

Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche, later known as ‘Ferry’, is born on September 19 in Wiener Neustadt.

The Austro-Daimler touring car designed by Ferdinand Porsche scores a triple victory in the Prince Henry Trials. At the wheel of the winning car sits none other than Ferdinand Porsche himself.

As Technical Director and Board Member of the Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft in Stuttgart, Ferdinand Porsche designs the legendary Mercedes Compressor Sports Car. The following year, the 2-litre racecar developed under his aegis wins the Targa Florio. The Mercedes-Benz S-Type models dominate international motorsport from 1927.

Crowning his career, Ferdinand Porsche opens an office for ‘engineering and consultation on engine and vehicle design’ in Stuttgart on April 25. Created for such renowned manufacturers as Wanderer, Zündapp and NSU are not only entire vehicles, but such trend-setting detail solutions as the Porsche torsion bar suspension.

For Auto Union, Porsche develops a Grand Prix racecar with a 16-cylinder engine in mid-ship configuration. The rear-engine vehicle concept designed for the compact car (Type 32) developed for NSU is ultimately incorporated in the Volkswagen Beetle.

The company Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche KG receives an official order for the design and construction of a German Volkswagen. Only one year later, the VW prototype is test driven. The ‘Ur Beetle’ is assembled in the garage of the Porsche villa in Stuttgart.

Ferdinand Alexander Porsche is born on December 11 in Stuttgart as the eldest son of Ferry Porsche.

Parallel to road trials of the Type 60, production facilities are erected under the direction of Ferdinand Porsche for the Volkswagen renamed the ‘KdF-Wagen’.

Under the designation Type 64, three racing coupés are developed at Porsche in Zuffenhausen. Built for long-distance endurance competition, the ‘Berlin–Rom-Wagen’ are considered the forefathers of all later Porsche sports cars.

Owing to wartime conditions, the Porsche KG engineering office moves to Gmünd in the Austrian province of Carinthia.

Under the direction of Ferdinand Porsche’s son Ferry, design of an all-wheeldrive Grand Prix racecar – the ‘Cisitalia’ (Type 360) – is begun for Italian industrialist Piero Dusio.

The 356 is the first sports car to bear the Porsche name. ‘No. 1’ is roadcertified in June. Only one month later, the lightweight mid-engine roadster wins its first class victory at the Innsbruck Stadtrennen.

1950 - 1969

Porsche KG returns to Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen and commences series production of the Porsche 356.

Company founder Ferdinand Porsche dies on 30 January at the age of 75. With the class victory of a 356 SL at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the young sports car manufacturer Porsche wins international acclaim.

The Porsche 550 Spyder debuts at the Paris Auto Show. Driven by an extremely powerful 4-camshaft engine, the light and agile racecar scores countless international triumphs.

Coinciding with the company’s 25th anniversary celebrations, the 10,000th Porsche 356 leaves the factory. At the Targa Florio the Porsche 550 A Spyder for the first time logs an overall victory.

During its very first racing season, the Porsche 718 RS 60 scores overall victories at the Targa Florio and the 12 Hours of Sebring. In Formula 2, Porsche finishes first, second and third in the 150 Miles of Aintree, Great Britain, with the Type 718/2.

In April, the 50,000th Porsche, a 356 B, rolls off the assembly line. In Weissach, the first segment of the new test grounds becomes operational. In Formula 1, the Porsche 804 wins the French Grand Prix.

The Porsche 911 launched in the previous year as the ‘901’ goes into series production. The Porsche 904 Carrera GTS likewise designed by Ferdinand Alexander Porsche is acclaimed for its exceptional design and outstanding performance.

Presented as the ‘Safety Cabriolet’, the Porsche 911Targa is introduced and enters series production in 1966.

Following the previous year’s success of the Porsche 906 Carrera 6, the Zuffenhausen factory team scores a triple victory with the Porsche 910 at the Targa Florio. For the first time Porsche logs an overall victory in the legendary 1,000-kilometre race on the Nürburgring.

Porsche achieves its first overall victory at the 24 Hours of Daytona with the Type 907-8. The grand successes of the previous year at the 1,000-kilometre race on the Nürburgring and the Targa Florio are repeated. The 911T wins the Monte Carlo Rally.

At the Frankfurt Auto Show, the mid-engine VW-Porsche 914 sports car makes its debut. In addition to the Monte Carlo Rally and the Targa Florio, Porsche for the first time wins the World Championship of Makes with the 908/02 and the new 917.


1952 Split Beetle 1835cc (Azure Blue)
1968 Fastback 2Lt.type4( Red)
1972 Low Light Bay Panel Van 2Lt type 4(White)
1975 Fleetline Panel Van 1914cc (Aqua Blue/White)
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Re: Tecnical info and model info

Post by retrovan » Wed Feb 08, 2012 9:32 pm

More info on the 356 Porsche

Timeline for the 356

Here's a very rough timeline of the development of the 356, compiled from a variety of sources. "Driving in it's Purest Form", "Excellence was Expected", "Speedster" and "Porsche : 356 & Rs Spyders" are all recommended for the Porsche 356 enthusiast and those interested in the Porsche history 1948-1966. See also the Porsche North America corporate website from which much of the below material came. The student of Porsche and 356 history is strongly encouraged to seek out the above books for a detailed history of the car, the company and the amazing individuals who brought us the 356.

1948: Gmünd, Austria. The Porsche Firm, having located to Austria just after the war to be closer to parts suppliers, turns out a variety of automotive, farm and industrial motors and tools for the war-ravaged western europe. Ferry Porsche (son of the famous Dr. Ing Ferdinand Porsche, founder of Porsche motors) designed and fabricates the first Project #356 car, model 356-001. The car utilized a tubular chassis, an 1100cc engine and was very light and so quick for the time. Karl Frolich was the gearbox and suspension specialist contributing to the handling of the prototype. Ferry Porsche often took the prototype--sometimes just the rolling chassis without body--up the steep mountain roads surrounding Gmünd and found the car a spright handler and good climber.

The body of the car was designed by Irwin Komenda. Kommenda, an Austrian born in 1904, contributed substantially to the Volkswagen, Cistalia, Auto Union racers and other cars of the day. Though the car changed from mid-engine to rear, the tubular chassis gave way to a unitized pan and body construction, and a myriad of details evolved over the 22 year run of the model, the overall design and instantly recognizeable shape of the car remained the same, a timeless classic. Komenda joined Porsche's design bureau in 1931 after positions at Steyr and Daimler-Benz and other coach shops in Austria and Germany. Komenda contributed to many other designs in Porsche's history and was the chief engineer and head of Porsche's coach werk from 1955 until his death in 1966.

Karl Peter-Rabe was the "confidential clerk" for Porsche, and became the chief business manager, after Prizing, until 1965. Dr. Ing Albert Prizing was a business manager who brought 37 orders back to the factory after one importer's conference in Wolfsberg in 1950.

The original 356-001 car is raced at the Innsbruck city race, achieiving a victory in the 1100cc class in its first outing. Porsche was homologated by the state government of Kärnten in Austria on 8 June 1948. Above and below photos courtesy of the Porsche archives. The original Porsche "001" car is in the Factory Meuseum and frequently tours the world for special car shows and historic events.

Over 50 Gmünd cars are built and sold primarily in Austria and Germany. Many still survive in US and other collections around the world.

1949: The first 356 Cabriolet is built. The Gmünd cars are alloy aluminum.

1950: The factory relocates to Zuffenhausen, next to the Reutter coachwerks and begins production on the 356. This run will continue to 1965, and produce nearly 80,000 cars. Cars are produced by other coachbuilders as well, namely Gläser.

A 1951 "split windshield" 356 Cabriolet. Porsche 356es made prior to 1955 are sometimes called "Pre-A", as the model took on the letter predicate at that time.

1951: Porsche 356 technical innovations continue. The 1.3 liter motor has chrome plated aluminum cylinders and the world's first synchromesh transmission. Porsche 356-002 wins at LeMans in the 1100cc class. The "Old Professor", Dr. Ing Ferdinand Porsche, Sr. dies at 75. Porsche KG employs 1400 people as Ferry Porsche leads the company.

1952: The 1500 "Super" engine is introduced (1488 cc, 70hp DIN)

1953: In a deal with Max Hoffman, of New York, Porsche introduces the 356 to the United States. Soon Hoffman makes arrangements with select foriegn auto dealers around the country to carry the Porsche cars. Hoffman acts as sole US importer. Split windshields give way to bent windshields.

1954: Hoffman urges Porsche to make a less-expensive "stripped-down" model of it's open car for the West Coast. Fair weather, a cruising scene and lots of amateur racing make the "Speedster" a success, a staple production for the next 5 years. Over 4100 Speedsters will be sold by 1959.

1955: The 1600 motor is in production. The 1500 GS Type 547 Carrera motor is in development for racing and finds its way into the 356 production line. The "A" version of the 356 model is introduced. Numerous subtle differences in the shape of the body and features of the care are introduced. Almost half the cars sold are open cars: cabriolets and Speedsters. The "A" models are named internally at "Type 1", and thereafter known by enthusiasts as "T-1" cars.

1956: The 10,000th 356 Rolls off the assembly line. Pictured below with Ferry Porsche.

1957: More improvements to the 356A results in a new project, the Type 2, or "T-2". A new transmission, the 644 replaces the earlier 519 with improved shifter, a split case design, dual nose mounts and better synchros.

1958: Continued improvements in the Carrera engines yield higher horsepower. Production begins on the "Convertible D", a replacement for the Speedster. The "D" is made by Drauz factory, and the car is between a Speedster and a Cabriolet in luxury and lightweight appointments. Most noticeable are the roll-up windows and a taller, but still "removeable" windscreen.

1959: The last Speedster is made. The 1300 engine is dropped from the line. In the fall a new model, the Type-5 (T-5), 356B is introduced. The Convertible D becomes the Roadster with the new T-5 body style.

1960: The 356B gets the "Super 90" (S90) motor as an option, with a counterweighted crank, sodium-filled valves and Solex P40-II carburetors.

1961: The Karmann Coachwerks is employed to make the "Hardtop", which is a Cabriolet body with a fixed hard roof. This profile gives the car the knickname "Notchback". Nearly 1750 of these cars will be made over two years' production

1962: Karmann makes 2170 coupes along with the 4100 made by Reutter. Along with almost 1600 Cabriolets, production tops 7900 for the year. Porsche begins discussion with Reutter to purchase the coachmaker and finally completely consolidate the successes of 12 years of co-operation. The factory launches "Christophorus", a customer magazine of news and background on the Porsche lifestyle.

1963: The 356C, known as the Type 6 (T-6) is introduced, along with the SC engine with 95hp. The "C" has 4-wheel disc brakes, and an optional 12-volt electric system. The optional "Carrera 2" motor develops 130 DIN hosepower.

1964: 356 Production reaches a high of over 10,000 in a single year, more than the entire line production of the first 10 years of the Porsche 356. The factory introduces the 911 model, presaging the end of the 356 line.

1966: The last 10 356 Cabriolets run off the production line in this calendar year, finishing the 1965 model year run. The 4-cylinder Carrera engines contiune racing in the successful 904 model. Total production run: more than 78,000. About 1/2 of the entire production are believed to exist today.

1952 Split Beetle 1835cc (Azure Blue)
1968 Fastback 2Lt.type4( Red)
1972 Low Light Bay Panel Van 2Lt type 4(White)
1975 Fleetline Panel Van 1914cc (Aqua Blue/White)
2019 MeFusco Beetle Truck

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Re: Tecnical info and model info

Post by riaanj » Mon Jul 30, 2012 8:30 pm

That's super cool, thanx H..
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Re: Tecnical info and model info

Post by s-thang » Tue Jul 31, 2012 11:12 am

excellent, thx!!!

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Re: Tecnical info and model info

Post by vw59beetle » Tue Jul 31, 2012 12:24 pm

Thanks Herman. Any Beetle enthusiast should enjoy the Porsche history. The two go hand in hand.Now I need to see how many of them I can collect.

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Re: Tecnical info and model info

Post by Ron&Gill » Tue Jul 31, 2012 12:56 pm

One historical thing which is missed here is that the French arrested Porsche and Piech (and Ferry) for war crimes in December 1945 and held them for just over a year and a half.

There's not much to find on this, but I suspect it was due to his involvement with the V1 and V2 project which were retaliation or terror weapons and the manufacturing of which employed slave labour, as did KdF. They were released without trail though.

Ferry was released early, and he started Porsche as we know it in 1946. When Porsche Snr was released from prison a year later in late 1947, he wasn't up to it anymore, or didn't feel up to it anymore, and he had very little to do with the development of the Porsche sports car line. The important thing is it was almost all Ferry's work and enthusiasm.
1964 T34 - The Razor: viewtopic.php?f=23&t=10290
1956 T2 1b - Gill's bus: viewtopic.php?f=23&t=10948
1967 T316 - viewtopic.php?f=23&t=10931 & viewtopic.php?f=23&t=15977
2000 beach buggy - viewtopic.php?f=23&t=10915

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